Tutorial for Beginner Investors – Investing 101

Tutorial for Beginner Investors – Investing 101

Investing is a great tool for building wealth, but there are more to investing than building wealth. Investing is for everyone, and there are various ways to get started with small amounts. With this article, you will understand what investing entails, and it will also cover markets and some insights about choosing the right investing strategies.

What Is Investing

Investing is the act of putting capital or money into an endeavor and expecting additional income or profit in return. According to Warren Buffett, investing is defined as the process of using money to make more money in the future. Investing is not about working harder but working smarter. Investing is unlike working in a company which requires additional stress and sacrifice. When you invest, you are making priorities for your money, and you spend less (you boycott vacation to some exotic spot, spend less on a new outfit and avoid having frequent dinner in a fancy restaurant) to spend more in the future.

The Concept Of Compounding

Compounding is the act of generating more profit or return on reinvested earnings of an asset. This requires two things to work perfectly – the reinvestment of time and earnings. This makes it easy for your initial investment to grow exponentially. This is the smartest investing tool for younger investors because they are starting as early as possible.

Knowing Yourself

The strategy that works for another person may not work for you as no investing approach or strategy fits all. There are different reasons for investing as different investors have different time horizons, different goals and different comfort with investing. You need to define your parameters.

Goals – Why are you investing? What are you going to use the profit for; could it be for education or to have a comfortable retirement? You may have more than one goal, but the point is that you must have something in mind before investing your money. Your goals must be created openly, and you must understand the time horizon and risk tolerance; they are part of the goal-setting process.

Risk tolerance – Although there are different meanings of risk, but it means losing money in this case. This risk means that the risk here may mean that your money will decrease in value or even reduce to zero. Investing risk comes in different ways, for example; stocks can reduce in value for some time (the S&P 500 dropped by 37% in 2008); this is the worst in history. You should care more about your time horizon, which is a function of age. Younger people should not worry much about fluctuations. You should align your investment with the time horizon and meet a specific goal.

Trading Frequency – For how long are you planning to stay in a particular investment? You can make use of the “buy-and-hold” strategy; whereby you buy stocks, leave it there and do not worry about market fluctuations. For professionals, you can buy and sell stocks daily, but it is not ideal for the average investor.

Knowledge and comfort – While some investment vehicles are set-and-forgetting, others require sophisticated knowledge and monitoring. Before you decide on an investment choice, you must understand your willingness to devote time and your comfort level. Investors with more experience and knowledge may have to consider real estate, individual stocks, actively managed mutual funds or other alternative investments.

How Technology Has Changed Investing

Not only investing, but technology also has a profound impact on almost all aspects of our lives. Technology has improved the way we are practicing investment, and it has reduced the pressure on fees.

Buying and selling securities – To place an order back in the days, you will have to call your stockbroker with high commission rates, and this is due to lack of alternatives and information. Today, all you have to do is to search through the web and choose the brokerage firm with the lowest transaction fees and higher securities on their buying and selling.

Robo advisors – The robo advisor, is one of the biggest innovations over the years. This innovation is used by different firms to construct and manage their client portfolios with the use of algorithms. Most of these robo advisors invest in low-cost ETFs.

Types Of Investments

There are different investments and investing styles available that you can choose from. Some of these include individual stocks and bonds, real estate, mutual funds, ETFs, closed-end mutual funds, and other alternative investments.

Investment Portfolios And Diversification

An investment portfolio is a collection of a group of investments arranged with a definite degree of diversification to prevent putting all the eggs in one basket. An investment portfolio has different asset classes like bonds, stocks, and cash in it.


This article was able to discuss some of what you will need to get started with your first investment. As one size does not fit all, you need to define your goals and look for what works best for you. Different strategies work in different situations for different investors.

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